Teachers

Scholarly reading


The readings below are classified into aspects of a teacher's subject knowledge underpinning successful teaching of acidity. Some are quite challenging to read and understand. However, no one said it was easy to be a good teacher! There is no test to check your own knowledge! You have to make up your own mind if you are ready to try some other reading.

Chemicals as instruments - Hyle article

Acidity is a fundamental, yet complex, topic in chemistry. The articles below will give you overviews from different standpoints on ways of explaining acidity.
Wikipedia article on acidity: focuses on maths and Bronsted Lowry model
High school article on acidity: focuses on maths and Bronsted-Lowry model
Beginning students article on acidity: shows some of the boundary thinking about acids but moves to Arrenius with chemical formulae
Images of pH scales

The papers below provide information about children's ideas in chemistry
Oklahoma article on children's ideas about acids
Understanding of acid-base concept by using conceptual change approach
Exploring mental models and causes of student's misconceptions in acids and bases
Michal Dreschler Models in chemistry education: A study of teaching and learning acids and bases in Swedish upper secondary schools
Michal Drechsler and Hans-Jürgen Schmidt: Textbooks’ and teachers’ understanding of acid-base models used in chemistry teaching
Details of a book on misconceptions in chemistry

Here are some articles on ways to represent acidity
Three levels of representation of chemical matter
Hoffman's 1991 paper on chemical representation

Coll and Taylor write about the related topic of chemical bonding.
Richard Coll & Neil Taylor: Mental Models In Chemistry: Senior Chemistry Students' Mental Models Of Chemical Bonding

History of acidity
BBC History of acidity in intermediate language
History of acidity is embedded in this Wikipedia article on chemistry
Main Wikipedia article on acidity
Early Acid Base Theories: Lavoisier and Davy
Mark Lesney A Basic History of Acid - From Aristotle to Arnold
History of acids article
Brief history of pH invention
First pH meter invention
Acid-base history based on blood acidity

Paradigm change
Wikipedia - Paradigm Shift
Dictionary definition of paradigm (A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.)
Interpretation of Kuhn's view of paradigm shift
Wikipedia on paradigm, especially scientific Thinking inside the box is normal science: thinking outside the box represents, possibly, a paradigm shift!